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Friday May 26, 2017

If you are looking for some Laws of Thailand, in English, you came to the right place. It's often difficult if you can't read Thai to find out what you need. Our website is equipped with powerful search engines. With some efficient keywords, you should be able to find what you are looking for.

Remember that the constitution is the supreme law, the most important law of the country. Thailand has had many constitutions in its history. Another very important law is the Commercial and Civil Code. It regulates most of the life in Thai society, like marriage, property, inheritance, divorce, filiation, contracts, etc. However, some special laws may complete the Thai Commercial and Civil Code.

Laws can be amended or modified often. Don't hesitate to consult a professional if you need some real legal advice. This website is aimed only to circulate general information.

Family Law

Family law is a really big sector of law because it covers such domains as adoption, divorce, matrimony law, unwed couples or civil unions, Thai child custody, legal separation, etc. For example, in a divorce case, one must think about alimony payments, fair share of wealth and goods, family patrimony, child custody and the possibility of mediation or court proceedings. When a couple want to divorce while agreeing on such accessory matters, they can get their divorce at a low cost and still see that each person’s rights be respected. You might avoid costly court procedures and sometimes also avoid the inconvenience of having children or other people testify for you or against you.

Have a look at our articles about family law. We have included inheritance under Thai Law and living Wills in Thailand in this section. 

Corporate Law

Corporate law addresses moral people or companies. Do you want to create a Thai limited company (LLC), a partnership, a non-profit organization?  Do you know all the different types of enterprises, companies, and the effect of a choice between them, including fiscal effects, or what will happen in case of liquidation?

There is a variety of company structures, from the very simple to the very complex. Check our section BUSINESS. We have also included in this section articles and information about personal and corporate taxes, importation, exportation, work permits and other aspects related to business in Thailand.

 

 

Some Videos

Watch this short video about how foreigner can easily get married in Thailand.

Take a quick tour of how to register a Thai Limited Company.

Quick video about Thai Last Will and Testament.

 

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Real estate and property

In Thailand, the Commercial and Civil Code defines the essential guidelines about what constitutes property and its different forms. It is completed by several laws, like the Land Code, which are specific to some fields of Law.

This section regulates what the obligations of a buyer are or those of a person who sells real estate? Should you have a quality guarantee? Can a foreigner own land in Thailand? What about a house? What is a mortgage or other forms of priorities? What about condos? Are there special rules for foreigners? What about taxes? Who pays them and when do they have to be paid? What is a usufruct contract and how it can protect you?

To invest in an immovable property represents an important investment for you. You should consult specialists in order to get protection and peace of mind.

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Bangkok Post, Thursday September 04, 2008
 

CHAIPORN SUPVORANID, by invitation.

After a long history of failed attempts to overhaul the consumer protection system in Thailand, consumer protection and product liability laws are rapidly moving into a new era.

Two significant laws acting as the foundation of this new era of consumer protection have already been passed, one now in effect and the other to become effective in February 2009.

These two laws provide greater protection to consumers by reducing numerous obstacles in moving through a complex legal system, as well as facilitating consumers' ability to claim for damages arising from products, services and even professional services.

The laws' introduction will undoubtedly change the way of doing business in Thailand. Some operators may view the laws as a risk and burden, others may view them as an opportunity to gain a competitive advantage. Regardless of how operators view these changes, there is no choice other than to understand the implications of the new laws and prepare for the challenges ahead.

The first law is the Act on Court Proceedings for Consumer Cases B.E. 2551 (2008), generally known as the "Consumer Cases Act", which came into effect with respect to cases filed with the court after Aug 24, 2008. As its name suggests, this law relates to the rules governing court proceedings. Consumers in the past faced several obstacles in initiating an action against a business.

The former court proceedings were time-consuming and difficult to for consumers lacking legal resources and funds to navigate. Furthermore, damages awarded were normally minimal.

As a result, consumers took alternative recourse by attempting to draw media attention to their causes and force business operators to make compensation. This highly publicised form of action was seen by many as damaging to the image of the nation and the credibility of the legal system.

To address this ineffective process, the new Act provides simpler, quicker and cheaper proceedings, as well as empowering the court to award a broader range of damages.

This Act also introduces several new concepts into the Thai legal system such as punitive damages, compulsory recall, replacement remedy, new evidence rule, effect of the judgment on the following cases and piercing the corporate veil.

The Consumer Cases Act applies to all cases arising from the consumption of Products and Services and cases under the Product Liability Act. This means cases between consumers and business operators with respect to the sale of all kinds of goods, sale of condominium units, construction agreements, hire-purchase agreements, leasing, loans between banks and consumers, credit card services, medical services, hotel services, accounting services, insurance, etc. are all consumer cases which are subject to the new consumer friendly proceedings under the Consumer Cases Act.

Some scholars estimate that 70% to 80% of normal cases will now fall under the ambit of this new law, hence facilitating the filing of cases and increasing the chances of obtaining more significant damage awards. This clearly underscores the impact this Act will have on the business landscape and the challenges that lie ahead for business operators.

The second law is The Act on Liability for Injuries from Unsafe Products, B.E. 2551 (or the so called "Product Liability Act"), which will cover products sold after Feb 21, 2009.

In today's world of high technology, consumers are often unable to understand the manufacturing and design of the products they purchase. As well, many low-quality products from foreign countries are imported to and sold on the Thai market. Former legislation failed to provide adequate protection to consumers from damages sustained as a result of unsafe products. As such, the time is ripe for reform to product liability laws in Thailand.

Chaiporn Supvoranid is a partner of the law firm Baker & McKenzie.

 

 

Disclaimer

The content of this web site aims to circulate general information that cannot be considered as legal advice. Laws can change quickly and therefore it is impossible to cover all exceptions in detail. The information provided here is therefore without any guarantee concerning its exact meaning or its continuing validity. Our web site contains links to other sites. These links are provided for practical reasons only. We decline any responsibility concerning these web sites owned by others and we do not necessarily agree with their content. Anyone wanting to create a link to the present site may do so freely. We encourage distribution of legal information, as we encourage making it available to the general public, freely or at a low cost. But we also want to protect the product of our work and even our writings. Therefore, the content of the present web site may not be reproduced for commercial purposes, or another website, under any format without our express written consent. Translation using functions like "Google translation" might not fully be accurate. Isaan Lawyers provides professional legal services at reasonable costs in many areas of Thailand.